The expert group tasked with advising the European Commission on EU-wide changes to contract law should have more input from English law practitioners, the Law Society said this week. Society chief executive Desmond Hudson expressed concern that the panel is currently made up primarily of academics and practitioners from civil law systems, and called for the inclusion of lawyers from common law jurisdictions. He said: ‘The profession [in England and Wales] has great experience working with other jurisdictions and on cross-border contracts and could offer valuable expertise. The Society is concerned that the expert group is mainly comprised of academics and some practitioners from civil law systems, and would welcome the direct involvement of common law practitioners in the drafting process.’ The commission is in the early stages of drafting a non-binding legal ‘toolbox’ to harmonise contract law across Europe, and has issued a green paper on the topic. Chancery Lane said it remains ‘deeply concerned’ that the benefits of the proposal ‘have not been demonstrated’ and there is an ‘urgent need for an impact assessment of the key options in the green paper’. The Society responded to a Ministry of Justice consultation on the commission’s plans in December, after consulting widely with the profession. Chancery Lane said it is examining ‘alternative solutions’ to improving cross-border trade, noting that the use of English contract law provides ‘substantial benefits’ to UK Plc. The commission argues that action is needed to reduce the divergence of contract laws, and has suggested creating a ‘common frame of reference’, bringing together legal concepts, definitions and principles based on the laws of all member states.
Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Get your free guest access SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe now for unlimited access
Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Get your free guest access SIGN UP TODAY To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe now for unlimited access Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters
Egypt’s rule of law is being undermined by an authoritarian government which is routinely attacking legal process, lawyers and human rights defenders, the Law Society of England and Wales has warned.A report by the Law Society and the Tahir Institute for Middle East Policy found that, following amendments to the constitution in 2019, judicial appointments in Egypt can now be made by the president. There is no transparency in the selection of judges and appointment of prosecutors, it states.The factsheet also says that prolonged pre-trial detention, mass trials, and the use of the death penalty, especially for those critical of the government, have increased. Military courts can also try civilians without fair trial guarantees.According to the report, lawyers and human rights defenders are routinely subjected to enforced disappearances, harassment, arrest and prosecution and their work is being curtailed by the application of various laws.President of the Law Society Simon Davis said: ‘What is happening in Egypt demonstrates a flagrant disregard for a fundamental principle that underlies any free and fair society: the rule of law.‘The politicisation of key judicial and prosecutorial appointments has affected the separation of powers, which in turn has allowed the consolidation of authoritarian rule.’Likewise, lawyers must be able to provide legal representation freely and without hindrance to secure citizens’ constitutionally-guaranteed rights.’ The Law Society has submitted its concerns to the UN Human Rights Council with the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. Among its recommendations, it says charges against lawyers and human rights defenders prosecuted for doing their work should be dropped immediately.
Canada: Under a short line investment programme announced on July 5, the federal government is proving C$30m, the province of Québec C$20m and rail operators C$25m for the renewal of 1 641 km of track on nine short lines, upgrading to Class 1 loading standards and installation of sidings.Finland: The Ministry of Transport has agreed to pay VR €4·9m to support sleeper services on the unelectrified lines to Kemijärvi and Kolari in Lapland from March 2008. The funding runs to 2011.Senegal: Pakistan is to provide a 15-year US$2m credit and technical assistance for the refurbishment of SNCS rolling stock under a Memorandum of Understanding signed between Pakistan Railways Minister Javed Ashraf and Senegalese Industry Minister Landing Savance.USA: A full funding grant agreement for TriMet’s South Corridor light rail expansion programme in Portland was signed on July 3. FTA will provide $345·4m to meet 60% of the $575·7m cost of a 10·5 km line with eight stations parallelling I-205 between Gateway Transit Center and Clackamas, and a 2·9 km seven-station spur between Rose Quarter Transit Center and Portland State University. Opening is planned for September 2009. Zambia: In late June project promoter Enoch Kavindele told the Times of Zambia that he had secured from US, UK and South African private sources the US$250m needed to build a freight line from Chingola to Lumwana in North-Western province without government funding (RG 6.05 p301). UWP, Kwezi V3 and DB International will provide consultancy services.
NETHERLANDS: The Dutch government has concurred with the decision by national operator NS to cancel its contract with AnsaldoBreda for 16 V250 trainsets, Deputy Prime Minister Lodewijk Asscher confirmed on May 7.The findings of a review by NS had been presented to the cabinet by the State Secretary for Infrastructure & Environment Wilma Mansveld, and Asscher commented that ‘we cannot conclude differently than NS’. Finance Minister Jeroen Dijsselbloem said he expected NS to do ‘everything in its power’ to recover more than €180m paid towards the €336m contract signed in 2004.The recommendation by NS to abort the V250 deal follows a similar decision by Belgium’s SNCB, which announced on June 3 that it was cancelling its order for three trainsets.Since the trains were taken out of service on January 17, an NS task force headed by non-executive director Merel van Vroonhoven has been looking at both the technical condition of the V250s and alternative scenarios for the provision of cross-border services between the Netherlands and Belgium.NS President Bert Meerstadt, who has announced his intention to step down from October 1, said the company’s priority now was to mitigate the impact on passengers, in both the short and longer term. The task force has outlined a ‘palette’ of three options for discussion with national and local authorities, which van Vroonhoven said would be compatible with the 2015-25 Core Contract for operation of the national network agreed with the government at the end of 2011.As a short-term measure, NS plans to boost the interim service between Den Haag and Brussels from eight to 10 trains each way per day by the summer, and will discuss with SNCB the potential for a further increase to 16 train pairs as soon as possible. NS would also like to extend some services from Den Haag to Amsterdam, replicating the former Benelux service, but this would require timetable changes to free up sufficient paths, impacting on other routes including the Hanze Lijn between Amsterdam and Zwolle.Another option is to expand the interim service using HSL-Zuid, with trains from Brussels running alternately to Den Haag or Amsterdam. However, this would depend on the availability of suitable rolling stock.The taskforce has also suggested that the Amsterdam – Brussels Thalys service should be stepped up from nine to 11 trains/day each way. In the longer term, NS wants to see at least 22 high speed trains each way to and from Brussels, of which 10 would run beyond Brussels to serve Paris (Thalys) or London (Eurostar).NS and SNCB have been asked to firm up the service options by October 1, so that Mansveld can present them to parliament.Meanwhile, speaking at a hastily-convened press conference in Napoli, AnsaldoBreda director Maurizio Manfellotto described the Dutch and Belgian accusations as ‘baseless and unfounded’. The company insisted that many of the problems were down to normal ‘teething troubles’, and accused the operators of aggravating the damage by running the trains too fast in poor weather conditions. AnsaldoBreda has also threatened to sue the railways for the damage to its reputation.
Tweet Share Share Sharing is caring! 18 Views no discussions LocalNewsSports Luan will run by: – August 4, 2012 Luan with members of the DOCIt’s official!! The speculation is over. She is going to Run! And Run She intends to. Luan Gabriel the daughter of the late Felix Gabriel and Cyrilla Hilton will be running in the 200m for Dominica at the London 2012 Olympic game. “I feel very proud of myself. It’s the biggest competition in my athletic career so far, but I am ready to do it” said a confident Gabriel. She continued “I know it’s going to be a challenge but I am up for it”. It has been a very amazing summer for this young lady. This though will be a defining moment in her young life. Asked how she would approach the race she said “I would like to have a good start out of the block, push forward quickly in the first 30m, come out hard on the curve, relax coming into the home stretch and press hard for the final 50m According to team coach Joel Hamilton, the decision to run was made by the athlete with his guidance and support. “It is not about winning” he said, but an “opportunity” to gain some valuable experience on the world stage.President of the Dominica Olympic Committee Mr. Felix Wilson is confident that Luan will do well. He explained that Gabriel has guaranteed him that she intends to do her best here in London but it is the next Olympic game in Brazil that she made what he termed a startling declaration, “Mr. Wilson I am going to be on the podium in Rio”. It is this larger than life attitude that is her best gift. Still consider pretty raw with her technique by Willy Wood he is astonished at her power and determined attitude. After watching her in training he walk over to Hamilton and asked “is she really 16?” Similar question were asked by the Jamaican head coach after watching the young thoroughbred from Bioche trot her stuff. When asked about her readiness Gabriel said calmly “well I am ready”. Hamilton on the other hand explained that she came to London nursing a few niggles. He is confident however that with the high quality treatment and attention she has received here, those issues have been resolved. When asked if there were any final comment, she replied like an experience campaigner “ I would like to thank everyone who has assisted me thus far, my family and friends from Bioche and Dublanc, my coaches Mr. Nabi Wallace and Joseph Basil. She was also grateful to the current and former athletes who send best wishes to the team in recent days.Ironically written in her locker room at the club house is a sign posted under her picture ‘BRAZIL 2016. This is such an awesome story of a dream coming true. It’s even more amazing when it happens 4 years ahead of schedule. The future looks bright for Luan but careful Management and support is critical.Race Time: Monday August 6th between 1:50pm and 4:55pm.Darwin Telemaque, Caribbean Sports ConnectionOn Behalf of the Dominica Olympic Committee Share
Prime Minister Roosevelt SkerritThe Hon Minister for Finance, Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit made a statement over the weekend hoping that consumers will buy less from overseas.He told the nation that by ordering from overseas vendors, Dominicans are in essence exporting local employment.“I think we are spending too much money ion imported items,” he shared. “You have to understand that every time you spend money on an imported item, you are sending foreign exchange out of our country. When you send the US dollars and Euros which we use to build our country, you are exporting our jobs and denying yourselves jobs.“When you say, ‘Skerrit where are the jobs?’ each of us must examine our practises in terms of what we do with our money. Every time you buy something to import, you are in fact exporting our jobs out of Dominica.”He added, “There is nothing wrong with free trade; I am a strong advocate but by the same token, we have to look at our consumption practices.” Share Share 182 Views no discussions BusinessLocalNews PM Skerrit: More Imports Means Less Jobs by: – January 14, 2020 Share Tweet Sharing is caring!
Terahertz data links have generally been considered a secure medium to transfer data as they were though to be immune to spying without it being detected. But a new study is set to change this perception. The study, published in the journal Nature, shows, that terahertz data links, which may play a role in ultra-high-speed wireless data networks of the future, aren’t as immune to eavesdropping as many researchers have assumed. According to the study, it is possible for a clever eavesdropper to intercept a signal from a terahertz transmitter without the intrusion being detected at the receiver.According to Daniel Mittleman, a professor in Brown University’s School of Engineering and a co-author of the research, undetected eavesdropping in the terahertz realm is easier than most people had assumed and that they need to be thinking about security issues as we think about designing network architectures.Because of its higher frequency, terahertz radiation can carry up to 100 times more data than the microwaves used in wireless communication today, which makes terahertz an attractive option for use in future wireless networks. Along with enhanced bandwidth, it has also been generally assumed that the way in which high-frequency waves propagate would naturally enhance security. Unlike microwaves, which propagate in wide-angle broadcasts, terahertz waves travel in narrow, very directional beams.According to Mittleman, in microwave communications, an eavesdropper can put an antenna just about anywhere in the broadcast cone and pick up the signal without interfering with the intended receiver. Assuming that the attacker can decode that signal, they can then eavesdrop without being detected. But in terahertz networks, the narrow beams would mean that an eavesdropper would have to place the antenna between the transmitter and receiver. The thought was that there would be no way to do that without blocking some or all of the signal, which would make an eavesdropping attempt easily detectable by the intended receiver.Mittleman and colleagues from Brown, Rice University and the University at Buffalo set out to test that notion. They set up a direct line-of-site terahertz data link between a transmitter and receiver, and experimented with devices capable of intercepting signal. They were able show several strategies that could steal signal without being detected — even when the data-carrying beam is very directional, with a cone angle of less than 2 degrees (in contrast to microwave transmission, where the angle is often as large as 120 degrees).One set of strategies involves placing objects at the very edge of a beam that is capable of scattering a tiny portion of the beam. In order for a data link to be reliable, the diameter of the beam must be slightly larger than the aperture of the receiver. That leaves a sliver of signal for an attacker to work with without casting a detectable shadow on the receiver. The researchers showed that a flat piece of metal could redirect a portion of the beam to a secondary receiver operated by an attacker. The researchers were able to acquire a usable signal at the second receiver with no significant loss of power at the primary receiver.The team showed an even more flexible approach (from the attacker’s perspective) by using a metal cylinder in the beam instead of a flat plate. Cylinders have the advantage that they scatter light in all directions, giving an attacker more options in setting up a receiver, according to Josep Jornet, Assistant Professor of Electrical engineering at Buffalo and a study co-author. And given the physics of terahertz wave propagation, even a very small cylinder can significantly scatter the signal without blocking the line-of-sight path.The researchers went on to demonstrate another type of attack involving a lossless beam splitter that would also be difficult, if not impossible, to detect. The beam splitter placed in front of a transmitter would enable an attacker to steal just enough to be useful, yet not so much that it would set off alarm bells among network administrators. The bottom line, according to the researchers, is that while there are inherent security enhancements associated with terahertz links in comparison with lower frequencies, these security improvements are still far from foolproof.Securing wireless transmission from eavesdroppers has been a challenge since the days of Marconi, according to Edward Knightly, Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Rice University and a study co-author. While terahertz bands take a huge leap in this direction, the team unfortunately found that a determined adversary can still be effective in intercepting the signal.The research was funded in part by the National Science Foundation, the Army Research Office, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and the W. M. Keck Foundation. Other coauthors on the paper were Jianjun Ma, Rabi Shrestha and Jacob Adelberg from Brown University; Chia-Yi Yeh and Edward Knightly from Rice University; and Zahed Hossain from Buffalo.
On January 4th, New Japan Pro Wrestling presented Wrestle Kingdom 11, their version of WrestleMania, live from the Tokyo Dome in Japan. The main event featured Kazuchika Okada successfully defending his IWGP Championship against Kenny Omega in match that went over 46 minutes.Despite the spectacle of the match, it was the aftermath that was perhaps equally intriguing. Insert Dave Meltzer, considered by many in the professional wrestling community to be wrestling journalism royalty. Dave, the editor and publisher of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter, is widely known for making the “star rating system” commonplace in professional wrestling.Dave routinely rates matches between one and five stars, with one star being “David Otunga bad” and five stars being absolutely perfect. It was after Wrestle Kingdom 11 that Dave would break from his own protocol, and work smart fans into a shoot by rating Okada versus Omega an extremely rare six stars.How are six stars out of five possible? My world has been turned upside down, and I’m questioning everything I have ever known. Just when I thought I had the answers, Dave Meltzer changed the questions. All kidding and Roddy Piper references aside, what makes this match, or any other match for that matter, worthy of six stars? What are the defined criteria?Who died and made Dave Meltzer the expert on rating fake fights? Should we apply this to movie fight scenes, because I’m pretty sure the news team fight in Anchorman was worthy of five stars for the anticipation alone. What about MMA? Remember when Forrest Griffin and Stephan Bonnar had a five star fight?Is scripted combat the only type of entertainment that qualifies to be rated? Join me as we dive down the rabbit hole of why I believe the “star rating system” is ridiculous, and frankly, hurts the professional wrestling business.My biggest issue with the “star rating system” is a lack of standard, defined criteria. It’s completely subjective, yet somewhere on the smarkiest of dirtsheets, and the darkest corners of the wrestling Twitter subculture, you’ll see smart fans using it to define a wrestler’s work.Newsflash, in the big leagues (e.g. WWE), wrestlers…errr, superstars, are given a guideline of what they can and can’t do in a match, primarily based on the story WWE wants to tell, the safety of the superstars, the type of match, the type of event, and potentially the order of the match on the card.Don’t let that stop you though. Please, carry on telling me how Chris Hero was the best in-ring worker of 2016 because he had the freedom to have great (but meaningless in the big picture) fake fights on the indie circuit in front of 50 fans in a high school gym. Pages: 1 2 Related TopicsDave MeltzerWrestlingWWE Computer Software/Cyber Security & Fraud Manager by day, Brad Shepard is a polemicist who enjoys following and covering professional wrestling and sports in his spare time.Previously, Brad has written for PWInsider, Top Rope Press, and Voices of Wrestling.Brad is the co-host of the Voices of the Voiceless Podcast, available on iTunes.Growing up in New England, Brad is a diehard Boston sports fan, and enjoys football, hockey, basketball and baseball.You can follow Brad on Twitter at @TheBradShepard. Brad Shepard