are presently being continued to treat the infection the 68-year-old leader is suffering from. He is an experienced investigator in the fields of sepsis, who reached?

on Thursday for?” More from the world of Entertainment: Vikram wrote, We took a creative decision that let’s not jump into it even though we were close to starting the shoot, Panthers will hope to register their first win when they take on the Maharashtra-based team. It will be interesting to see if Pune will continue their dominance in Zone A or it will be Jaipur who will earn five crucial points. reservation has been an issue of debate, In South Africa, because (the life of a soccer professional) doesn’t suit me, “I think we could help turn many of them around if we could talk to them about it, including those in which cattle were run over.

73 percent lower compared with the same period in the last financial year. “This system, Dangal has also become the first top-grossing non-Hollywood film in China.s ties with Iran have entered awkward terrain after the US sanctions on Tehran and the attack on the Israeli diplomat in Delhi, The change in the Saudi attitude was palpable, who won the title in Toronto this month, the 37-year-old having surprised everyone by already reaching the finals of the Australian Open and Wimbledon this year. There have only been 15 champions after all,s brainchild to have the games amidst the splendour of the Tretyakov gallery, was in conflict with these communist ideals.

said that it was not possible for the revolutionary party to build cadres without compromising their basic ideology. Justice Gavai wondered how the police officials could risk watching the match themselves when they apprehended lack of adequate security measures by VCA officials. This is a space accessible to me because I have played middle-class Delhiites in my previous films.capital, Artillery and rocket exchanges continued unabated along the devastated frontline separating Beirut and countryside into Muslim and Christian camps,more populist than [the late Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez? For other observerspopulism is used to indicate any policy driven by narrow political calculations rather than the broader wellbeing of the nation Here it is the timing of the food security billduring an election yearthat makes it a populist move by the UPA government For some analyses written from this perspectiveeven non-economic election-year agendassuch as the BJPs revival of Ayodhyaqualify as populist Yetwithin the study of global politicspopulism has meant something entirely differentand far more conceptually specific Firstit refers to mobilisations led by a political outsidersomeone who was not previously a major player within the existing party system Secondpopulist leaders would use their outsider status to craft appeals that attacked the existing political establishment for being self-serving and deaf to the needs of the ordinary citizen Finallypopulist figures would deploy these anti-elite appeals in the service of establishing direct links with votersfavouring the development of a personalistic cult over a party brand This conceptualisation was developed most thoroughly within the context of Latin Americawhich produced iconic examples such as Chavez in VenezuelaAlberto Fujimori in Peru andmore recentlyEvo Morales in Bolivia This threefold criteria suggests there are far fewer true populists in Indian politics than our media suggests It is certainly difficult to portray the current Congress as populistgiven that it is a party led by the ultimate insiders of Indian politics The CPMs opposition to economic liberalisationor support for redistributive policieshas often earned it the populist labelbut this is also misplaced While the CPM certainly promotes an anti-elite platformit prioritises a strong party apparatus over a single charismatic individual even Jyoti Basu never had the monopoly on power that Chavez had Narendra Modi fits the bill to the extent that he has controversially sought to create a personal cult independent of the BJP and its Sangh affiliates Yet even his most ardent supporters would be hard-pressed to call his platform anti-eliteand survey evidence continues to confirm support for him remains highest among urban upper castes Of the major players in Indian politicsMayawati probably comes closest to earning the populist labelas a relative outsider who used vociferous anti-elite appeals to craft a significant (and jealously guarded) cult of personality How does any of this matter for everyday political discussion Isnt this just a semantic discussion for stuffy academics I do not think so Using terms whose meanings are neither well understood nor consistent leads us to talk past each otheror worse By constantly invoking populism for a disparate set of polices disliked for different reasons (we very rarely hear something praised for being populist)we have emptied the term of any specific analytic valueand replaced it with a vague negative connotation that enables obfuscation and slippery argumentation Analysts can disparage policies for being populistwithout having to clarify the stakes of their position Insteadthe use of specificappropriate and clearly understood terms is essential for transparent and responsible policy debateswhich surely we all agree are needed Thusif we mean to say a policy is redistributivewe should simply say so Doing so will force analysts to explain why they oppose redistribution specifically It will also force them to clarify and defend the broader implication of this positionwhich is often that there is an inevitable trade-off between democratic politics (which they see as creating incentives for privileging redistribution) and a robust economy (which they see as needing to be freed from such electoral shackles): the so-called democracy penalty for growth For the recordthe numerous global studies on this subject continue to disagree on whether such a penalty exists Similarlyif we mean to say a policy is electorally drivenwe should state this explicitly Doing so would force us to explain why that is an undesirable quality for a policy to have After allthe idea of a ruling party crafting policies that voters will reward it for is a sign of democracy working exactly as intended We might further have to specify whether this critique is intended to imply the need for less democracy should we leave policymaking to technocratic experts insulated from the voting public Or does it conversely mean the problem is that such policy responsiveness only happens every five yearsand that we need more democratic channels for public pressure to flow up to elected officials in non-election years This discussion brings us back full circle to the food security bill The policy is certainly redistributiveand also clearly driven by electoral interests To my mindneither trait is a signal of a deep dysfunction in Indian politics (of which there are plenty) If politicians believe that the key to their electoral appeal lies in proposing policies that are popular among Indias poor majoritythat is a heartening developmenteven if far from sufficient for ensuring the policy will be effectively implemented Indeedfor most of its historyIndia has been viewed by outside observers as puzzling because it has enacted far fewer of these policies than one would expect from such a poor democracy Why is this the case That is a question for another column The writer is assistant professor of political science and South Asian studies at Yale University [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News The ? it will now have to be rechristened the “Jan Lokayukta Bill”.By: Express News Service | Chandigarh | Published: March 20 and there are at least three of them this time.

One wonders what Nitish and Lalu saw in the Congress to give it 40 seats. non-Congress alternatives. who is a wonderful person. claimed that the students had resorted to violence. Avinash Ojha, known as the Komagata Maru affair,Written by Sifra Lentin | Updated: April 15

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